A Review of Collective Robotic Construction
K. H. Petersen, N. Napp, R. Stuart-Smith, D. Rus, M. Kovac
The increasing need for safe, inexpensive, and sustainable construction, combined with novel technological enablers, has made large-scale construction by robot teams an active research area. Collective robotic construction (CRC) specifically concerns embodied, autonomous, multirobot systems that modify a shared environment according to high-level user-specified goals. CRC tightly integrates architectural design, the construction process, mechanisms, and control to achieve scalability and adaptability. This review gives a comprehensive overview of research trends, open questions, and performance metrics.
Science Robotics 13 Mar 2019:
Vol. 4, Issue 28, eaau8479
MAP - A Mobile Agile Printer Robot for on-site Construction
Julius Sustarevas, Daniel Butters, Mohammad Hammid , George Dwyer , Robert Stuart-Smith and Vijay M. Pawar
In this paper, we present a Mobile Agile Printer (MAP) construction robot; a highly agile, 4-legged, omnidirectional robot capable of 3D printing large structures. To overcome dynamic challenges when operating within an outdoors construction site, MAP incorporates a high-DoF 3D printing system connected to a mobile platform with novel features designed to enable disturbance rejection and live adaption to the robot’s pose. In doing so, we demonstrate the benefits of designing construction robots with a focus on agility, a compact working volume and ability to operate within a potentially unlimited workspace. Performance tests were conducted showing smooth omni-directional motion as a key requirement for maintaining low 3D printing trajectory deviations over a large volume. In doing so, we show that MAP has the ability to construct in new ways more sensitive to its environment, context and concurrent on-site operations.
International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS)
Madrid, Spain, October 1-5, 2018
Toward autonomous architecture: The convergence of digital design, robotics, and the built environment
Pawar, VM; Stuart-Smith, R; Scully, P
The way we design, construct, and inhabit buildings is changing—moving toward greater integration of robotic and autonomous systems that challenge our preconceived notions of how buildings are made, what they are, or what they should be.
The built environment of the future will be fundamentally different from that of today. Progress in robotics and autonomous systems (RAS), and more broadly computer science (CS), is unifying the activities of design and construction by bringing the designer and the maker closer together. As architecture embraces greater levels of autonomy to address industry needs for greater productivity, understanding the future role of design is important, particularly in consideration of human activity and values.
Science Robotics 26 Apr 2017
Vol. 2, Issue 5, eaan3686
Ambient fields: representing potential sensory information
It is increasingly apparent that the traditional scene graph is not fulfilling the requirements of real-time interactive systems. The use of a single graph as a representation of the current state of the world means that display systems, that may operate at very different rates, or may need to predict ahead the state, need to be very tightly integrated with behaviour and semantics. In this position paper, we will propose a type of field called the "ambient field" which represents information proximate to the user's senses, which they could sample over short time periods. These fields might represent audio, video, haptic or other potentially sensed information. A display device can then sample these fields as necessary to construct the best representation possible at its own display rate. The ambient field draws on the concept of the ambient optical array from Gibson, light fields from computer graphics rendering and point-based physics simulations.
UK RAS - Manufacturing whitepaper
This whitepaper discusses the role of RAS in making UK manufacturing more productive and highlights the future trends, opportunities and challenges for UK manufacturing to keep up with technological change. The UK-RAS white papers are intended to serve as a basis for discussing the future technological roadmaps, engaging the wider community and stakeholders, as well as policy makers in assessing the potential social, economic and ethical/legal impact of RAS. It is our plan to provide annual updates for these white papers so your feedback is essential - whether it be pointing out inadvertent omissions of specific areas of development that need to covered, or major future trends that deserve further debate and in-depth analysis.
Behavioural Production: Autonomous Swarm-Constructed Architecture
Until now, parametric processes have largely been confined to the architectural and engineering phases of a building's design. What possibilities, however, do robotics and artificial intelligence programming open up for extending Parametricism's influence into the construction phase? Robert Stuart‐Smith, a course master at the Architectural Association Design Research Laboratory (AADRL), explores how architecture might adopt autonomous swarm‐construction techniques. He describes the research that he has carried out with colleagues and students employing flying multicopters or unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) to design and additively manufacture 3D‐printed buildings onsite.
AD: Architectural Design Volume 86, Issue 2 March/April 2016. Special Issue: Parametricism 2.0: Rethinking Architecture's Agenda for the 21st Century, 11 March 2016, John Wiley & Sons, Pages 54–59. Author: Robert Stuart-Smith